Traumatic brain injuries can arise out of a wide variety of situations, including:
Some types of brain injuries are very easy to recognize such as when a person has suffered a skull fracture, or is in a coma because of a head injury.
However, in other situations the visible injuries may not be as dramatic, but a person may have suffered a mild or moderate brain injury that requires treatment.
Sometimes persons with pre-existing mental health problems, or pre-existing limitations may be affected more severely from a relatively mild traumatic brain injury.
Frequently, a person who has suffered a traumatic brain injury does not recognize that he has suffered any injury, or does not recognize the extent of his injury. In these situations, it is especially important for the family and friends of the injured party to advise the medical care professionals of the problems that they have noticed.
Depending upon the severity of the brain injury, a person can have a wide variety of symptoms:
Loss of the sense of taste or smell
All brain injuries, and especially more severe brain injuries, can have a substantial effect on the quality of life of the injured person, as well as their family and other loved ones.
Brain injuries are usually treated by a spectrum of healthcare professionals including neurologists, neuropsychologists, and cognitive therapists. It is important to get the opinions of all of these healthcare professionals in order to be able to completely explain the nature of the injuries.
Interviewing the family and friends of the injured parties is also a crucial step in the process.
In serious cases, the injured person will not be able to earn income, and may need lifetime care. These cases require working with qualified experts such as life care planners, economists, and vocational rehabilitation experts in order to be able to explain the long-term effects of the brain injury, the expense of future care, and the associated loss of income.